Basic Childhood Vaccinations For The Child
Immunisation is a method of preventing infectious disease to the child, by using the process of vaccination, which administers antigenic material (the vaccine) to produce immunity in the child to battle the infections. Vaccines are capable of preventing or reducing the impact of any infection caused by a pathogen. It is regarded as the most effective and cost effective method of preventing infectious diseases in a child. The material which is administered may be live or at times in weakened forms of these pathogens such as bacteria and viruses which have been killed or are present in the inactivated forms of these very pathogens, or purified materials such as proteins.
Most basic vaccines administered to the child in the first five years of life are-
1. At birth- BCG and oral polio 1st dose to protect the child from tuberculosis and poliomyelitis.
2. At 6 weeks- DPT 1st dose and oral polio 2nd dose to protect the child from diphtheria pertussis, tetanus, tetanus, poliomyelitis.
3. At 10 weeks- DPT 2nd dose and oral polio 3 rd dose to prevent the child from tetanus and diphtheria.
4. At 14 weeks- DPT 3rd dose and oral polio 4the dose to prevent the child from pertussis and poliomyelitis.
5. AFTER 6 TO 9 MONTHS FROM BIRTH- oral polio 5th dose to prevent the child from measles.
6. After 18 Months of Birth- Oral polio 1st booster and DPT-1st booster to prevent the child from poliomyelitis, diphtheria and tetanus.
Vaccines which have not been included in the National Immunization schedule are hepatitis B – 3 doses and MMR measles, Typhim-VI and HIB.
Childhood vaccinations are very important and need to be taken seriously.
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